Sprains occur when you injure a ligament. A ligament is the supportive tissue which connects bones. Commonly sprained ligaments include the knee ligaments (ACL, MCL, LCL) and the ankle ligaments (ATFL, CL). Ligaments can also be sprained around the shoulder, primarily around the acromio-clavicular joint.
Strains occur when you injure muscles and tendons. Common areas of strain are the muscles in the neck and back, biceps, triceps, pectoral, hamstring, quadriceps and calf muscles; as well as the Achilles tendon and the tendons around the shoulder.
A physiotherapist can accurately assess your sprain or strain and determine the appropriate treatment plan. Treatment often includes advice on activity modification, expected duration of recovery, and exercises to ensure stability of the injured area. Our physiotherapists will also use hands on treatment to alleviate pain during the recovery and facilitate return to activity.